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Indian Evidence Act, 1872

Indian Evidence Act, 1872 specifies the kind of evidence acceptable and not acceptable by the court of law. This act consists of 167 sections. Get a detailed description of all the sections of the Indian Evidence Act 1872 at easyadvocacy.



Section Title
CHAPTER 1 - PRELIMINARY
Section- 1 Section-1. Short title, extent and commencement Chapter 1
Section- 2 Section-2. Repeal of enactments Chapter 1
Section- 3 Section-3. Interpretation clause Chapter 1
Section- 4 Section-4. 'May presume' Chapter 1
CHAPTER II - Of The Relevancy Of Facts
Section- 5 Section-5. Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts Chapter 1
Section- 6 Section-6. Relevancy of facts forming part of same transaction Chapter 1
Section- 7 Section-7. Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of facts in issue Chapter 1
Section- 8 Section-8. Motive, preparation and previous or subsequent conduct Chapter 1
Section- 9 Section-9. Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts Chapter 1
Section- 10 Section-10. Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common design Chapter 1
Section- 11 Section-11. When facts not otherwise relevant become relevant Chapter 1
Section- 12 Section-12. In suits for damages, facts tending to enable Court to determine amount are relevant Chapter 1
Section- 13 Section-13. Facts relevant when right or custom is in question Chapter 1
Section- 14 Section-14. Facts showing existence of state of mind, or of body or bodily feeling Chapter 1
Section- 15 Section-15. Facts bearing on question whether act was accidental or intentional Chapter 1
Section- 16 Section-16. Existence of course of business when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 17 Section-17. Admission defined Chapter 1
Section- 18 Section-18. Admission- by party to proceeding or his agent Chapter 1
Section- 19 Section-19. Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit Chapter 1
Section- 20 Section-20. Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit Chapter 1
Section- 21 Section-21. Proof of admissions against persons making them, and by or on their behalf Chapter 1
Section- 22 Section-22. When oral admissions as to contents of documents are relevant Chapter 1
Section- 22A. Section-22A. When oral admissions as to contents of electronic records are relevant Chapter 1
Section- 23 Section-23. Admission in civil cases relevant Chapter 1
Section- 24 Section-24. Confession caused by inducement, threat or promise, when irrelevant in criminal proceedings Chapter 1
Section- 25 Section-25. Confession to police officer not to be proved Chapter 1
Section- 26 Section-26. Confession by accused while in custody of police not to be proved against him Chapter 1
Section- 27 Section-27. How much of information received from accused may be proved Chapter 1
Section- 28 Section-28. Confession made after removal of impression caused by inducement, threat or promise, relevant Chapter 1
Section- 29 Section-29. Confession otherwise relevant not to become irrelevant because of promise of secrecy, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 30 Section-30. Consideration of proved confession affecting person making it and others jointly under trial for same offence Chapter 1
Section- 31 Section-31. Admission not conclusive proof, but may estop Chapter 1
Section- 32 Section-32. Cases in which statement of relevant fact by person who is dead or cannot be found, etc, is relevant Chapter 1
Section- 33 Section-33. Relevancy of certain evidence for proving, in subsequent proceeding, the truth of facts therein stated Chapter 1
Section- 34 Section-34. Entries in books of account, including those maintained in an electronic form] when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 35 Section-35. Relevancy of entry in public record made in performance of duty Chapter 1
Section- 36 Section-36. Relevancy of statements in maps, charts and plans Chapter 1
Section- 37 Section-37. Relevancy of statement as to fact of public nature, contained in certain acts or notifications Chapter 1
Section- 38 Section-38. Relevancy of statements as to any law contained in law-books Chapter 1
Section- 39 Section-39. What evidence to be given when statement forms part of a conversation, document, electronic record, book or series of letters or papers. Chapter 1
Section- 40 Section-40. Previous judgments relevant to bar a second suit or trial Chapter 1
Section- 41 Section-41. Relevancy of certain judgments in probate, etc. jurisdiction Chapter 1
Section- 42 Section-42. Relevancy and effect of judgments, orders or decrees, other than those mentioned in section 41 Chapter 1
Section- 43 Section-43. Judgment, etc., other than those mentioned in sections 40 to 42, when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 44 Section-44. Fraud or collusion in obtaining judgment, or incompetency of Court, may be proved Chapter 1
Section- 45 Section-45. Opinions of experts Chapter 1
Section- 46 Section-46. Facts bearing upon opinions of experts Chapter 1
Section- 47 Section-47. Opinion as to handwriting, when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 47A Section-47A. Opinion as to [electronic signature] when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 48 Section-48. Opinion as to existence of right or custom, when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 49 Section-49. Opinion as to usage, tenets, etc., when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 50 Section-50. Opinion on relationship, when relevant Chapter 1
Section- 52 Section-52. In civil cases character to prove conduct imputed, irrelevant Chapter 1
Section- 53 Section-53. In criminal cases, previous good character relevant Chapter 1
Section- 54 Section-54. Previous bad character not relevant, except in reply Chapter 1
Section- 55 Section-55. Character as affecting damages Chapter 1
CHAPTER III - Facts Which Need Not Be Proved
Section- 56 Section-56. Fact Judicially noticeable need not be proved Chapter 1
Section- 57 Section-57. Facts of which Court must take judicial notice Chapter 1
Section- 58 Section-58. Facts admitted need not be proved Chapter 1
CHAPTER IV - Of Oral Evidence
Section- 59 Section-59. Proof of facts by oral evidence Chapter 1
Section- 60 Section-60. Oral evidence must be direct Chapter 1
CHAPTER V - Of Documentary Evidence
Section- 61 Section-61. Proof of contents of documents Chapter 1
Section- 62 Section-62. Primary evidence Chapter 1
Section- 63 Section-63. Secondary evidence Chapter 1
Section- 64 Section-64. Proof of documents by primary evidence Chapter 1
Section- 65 Section-65. Cases in which secondary evidence relating to documents may be given Chapter 1
Section- 65A Section-65A . Special provisions as to evidence relating to electronic record Chapter 1
Section- 65B Section-65B . Admissibility of electronic records Chapter 1
Section- 66 Section-66. Rules as to notice to produce Chapter 1
Section- 67 Section-67. Proof of signature and handwriting of person alleged to have signed or written document produced Chapter 1
Section- 67A Section-67A. Proof as to [electronic signature] Chapter 1
Section- 68 Section-68. Proof of execution of document required by law to beattested Chapter 1
Section- 69 Section-69. Proof where no attesting witness found Chapter 1
Section- 70 Section-70. Admission of execution by party to attested document Chapter 1
Section- 71 Section-71. Proof when attesting witness denies the execution Chapter 1
Section- 72 Section-72. Proof of document not required by law to be attested Chapter 1
Section- 73 Section-73. Comparison of signature, writing or seal with othersadmitted or proved Chapter 1
Section- 73A Section-73A Proofs as to verification of digital signature Chapter 1
Section- 74 Section-74. Public documents Chapter 1
Section- 75 Section-75. Private documents Chapter 1
Section- 76 Section-76. Certified copies of public documents Chapter 1
Section- 77 Section-77. Proof of documents by production of certified copies Chapter 1
Section- 78 Section-78. Proof of other official documents Chapter 1
Section- 79 Section-79. Presumption as to genuineness of certified copies Chapter 1
Section- 80 Section-80. Presumption as to documents produced as record of evidence Chapter 1
Section- 81 Section-81. Presumption as to Gazettes, newspapers, private Acts of Parliament and other documents Chapter 1
Section- 81A Section-81A . Presumption as to Gazettes in electronic forms Chapter 1
Section- 82 Section-82. Presumption as to document admissible in England without proof of seal or signature Chapter 1
Section- 83 Section-83. Presumption as to maps or plans made by authority of Government Chapter 1
Section- 84 Section-84. Presumption as to collections of laws and reports of decisions Chapter 1
Section- 85 Section-85. Presumption as to powers-of-attorney Chapter 1
Section- 85A Section-85A. Presumption as to electronic agreements Chapter 1
Section- 85B Section-85B. Presumption as to electronic records and 6 [electronic signatures] Chapter 1
Section- 85C Section-85C. Presumption as to [Electronic Signature Certificates] Chapter 1
Section- 86 Section-86. Presumption as to certified copies of foreign judicial records Chapter 1
Section- 87 Section-87. Presumption as to books, maps and charts Chapter 1
Section- 88 Section-88. Presumption as to telegraphic messages Chapter 1
Section- 88A Section-88A . Presumption as to electronic messages Chapter 1
Section- 89 Section-89. Presumption as to due execution, etc., of documents not produced Chapter 1
Section- 90 Section-90. Presumption as to documents thirty years old Chapter 1
Section- 90A Section-90A . Presumption as to documents thirty years old Chapter 1
CHAPTER VI - Of The Exclusion Of Oral Or Documentary Evidence
Section- 91 Section-91. Evidence of terms of contracts, grants and other dispositions of property reduced to form of document Chapter 1
Section- 92 Section-92. Exclusion of evidence of oral agreement Chapter 1
Section- 93 Section-93. Exclusion of evidence to explain or amend ambiguous document Chapter 1
Section- 94 Section-94. Exclusion of evidence against application of document to existing facts Chapter 1
Section- 95 Section-95. Evidence as to document unmeaning in reference toexisting facts Chapter 1
Section- 96 Section-96. Evidence as to application of language which can applyto one only of several persons Chapter 1
Section- 97 Section-97. Evidence as to application of language to one of twosets of facts, to neither of which the whole correctly applies Chapter 1
Section- 98 Section-98. Evidence as to meaning of illegible characters, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 99 Section-99. Who may give evidence of agreement varying terms ofdocument Chapter 1
Section- 100 Section-100. Saving of provisions of Indian Succession Act,relating to wills Chapter 1
CHAPTER VII - Of The Burden Of Proof
Section- 101 Section-101. Burden of proof Chapter 1
Section- 102 Section-102. On whom burden of proof lies Chapter 1
Section- 103 Section-103. Burden of proof as to particular fact Chapter 1
Section- 104 Section-104. Burden of proving fact to be proved to make evidenceadmissible Chapter 1
Section- 105 Section-105. Burden of proving that case of accused comes withinexceptions. Chapter 1
Section- 106 Section-106. Burden of proving fact especially within knowledge Chapter 1
Section- 107 Section-107. Burden of proving death of person known to have been alive within thirty years Chapter 1
Section- 108 Section-108. Burden of proving that person is alive who has notbeen heard of for seven years Chapter 1
Section- 109 Section-109. Burden of proof as to relationship in the cases of partners, landlord and tenant, principal and agent Chapter 1
Section- 110 Section-110. Burden of proof as to ownership Chapter 1
Section- 111 Section-111. Proof of good faith in transactions where one partyis in relation of active confidence Chapter 1
Section- 111A Section-111A . Presumption as to certain offences Chapter 1
Section- 112 Section-112. Birth during marriage, conclusive proof of legitimacy Chapter 1
Section- 113 Section-113. Proof of cession of territory Chapter 1
Section- 113A Section-113A . Presumption as to abetment of suicide by a married woman Chapter 1
Section- 113B Section-113B. Presumption as to dowry death Chapter 1
Section- 114 Section-114. Court may presume existence of certain acts Chapter 1
Section- 114A Section-114A . Presumption as to absence of consent in certain prosecutions for rape Chapter 1
CHAPTER VIII - Estoppel
Section- 115 Section-115. Estoppel Chapter 1
Section- 116 Section-116. Estoppel of tenant; and of license of person in possession Chapter 1
Section- 117 Section-117. Estoppel of acceptor of bill of exchange, bailee orlicensee Chapter 1
CHAPTER IX - Of Witnesses
Section- 118 Section-118. Who may testify Chapter 1
Section- 119 Section-119. Dumb witnesses Chapter 1
Section- 120 Section-120. Parties to civil suit, and their wives or husbands, Husbands or wife of person under criminal trial Chapter 1
Section- 121 Section-121. Judges and Magistrates Chapter 1
Section- 122 Section-122. Communications during marriage Chapter 1
Section- 123 Section-123. Evidence as to affairs of State Chapter 1
Section- 124 Section-124. Official communications Chapter 1
Section- 125 Section-125. Information as to commission of offences Chapter 1
Section- 126 Section-126. Professional communication Chapter 1
Section- 127 Section-127. Section 126 to apply to interpreters etc. Chapter 1
Section- 128 Section-128. Privilege not waived by volunteering evidence Chapter 1
Section- 129 Section-129. Confidential communications with legal advisers Chapter 1
Section- 130 Section-130. Production of title-deeds of witness not a party Chapter 1
Section- 131 Section-131. Production of documents or electronic records which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce Chapter 1
Section- 132 Section-132. Witness not excused from answering on ground thatanswer will criminate Chapter 1
Section- 133 Section-133. Accomplice Chapter 1
Section- 134 Section-134. Number of witnesses Chapter 1
CHAPTER X - Of The Examination Of Witnesses
Section- 135 Section-135. Order of production and examination of witnesses Chapter 1
Section- 136 Section-136. Judge to decide as to admissibility of evidence Chapter 1
Section- 137 Section-137. Examination in chief Chapter 1
Section- 138 Section-138. Order of examinations Chapter 1
Section- 139 Section-139. Cross-examination of person called to produce a document Chapter 1
Section- 140 Section-140. Witnesses to character Chapter 1
Section- 141 Section-141. Leading questions Chapter 1
Section- 142 Section-142. When they must not be asked Chapter 1
Section- 143 Section-143. When they may be asked Chapter 1
Section- 144 Section-144. Evidence as to matters in writing Chapter 1
Section- 145 Section-145. Cross-examination as to previous Statements in writing Chapter 1
Section- 146 Section-146. Questions lawful in cross-examination Chapter 1
Section- 147 Section-147. When witness to be compelled to answer Chapter 1
Section- 148 Section-148. Court to decide when question shall be asked and whenwitness compelled to answer Chapter 1
Section- 149 Section-149. Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds Chapter 1
Section- 150 Section-150. Procedure of Court in case of question being asked without reasonable grounds Chapter 1
Section- 151 Section-151. Indecent and scandalous questions Chapter 1
Section- 152 Section-152. questions intended to insult or annoy Chapter 1
Section- 153 Section-153. Exclusion of evidence to contradict answers toquestions testing veracity Chapter 1
Section- 154 Section-154. Question by party to his own witness Chapter 1
Section- 155 Section-155. Impeaching credit of witness Chapter 1
Section- 156 Section-156. Questions tending to corroborate evidence of relevantfact, admissible Chapter 1
Section- 157 Section-157. Former statements of witness may be proved to corroborate later testimony as to same fact- Chapter 1
Section- 158 Section-158. What matters may be proved in connection with proved statement relevant under section 32 or 33 Chapter 1
Section- 159 Section-159. Refreshing memory Chapter 1
Section- 160 Section-160. Testimony to facts stated in document mentioned in section 159 Chapter 1
Section- 161 Section-161. Right of adverse party as to writing used to refresh memory Chapter 1
Section- 162 Section-162. Productions of documents Chapter 1
Section- 163 Section-163. Giving, as evidence, of documentcalled for and produced on notice Chapter 1
Section- 164 Section-164. Using, as evidence, of document production of whichwas refused on notice Chapter 1
Section- 165 Section-165. Judge's power to put questions or order production Chapter 1
Section- 166 Section-166. Power of jury or assessors to put questions Chapter 1
CHAPTER XI - Of Improper Admission And Rejection Of Evidence
Section- 167 Section-167. No new trial for improper admission or rejection orevidence Chapter 1
Section- Foot Notes Chapter 1

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