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IPC - SECTION 153A - Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion. race, place of birth, residence, language, etc and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony. Offence committed in place of worship, etc.


(1) Whoever -
(a) by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred or ill-will between different religious, racials, language or regional groups or castes or communities, or 1. Subs. by Act 35 of 1969, s. 2, for section 153A. 42
(b) commits any act which is prejudicial to the maintenance of harmony between different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities, and which disturbs or is likely to disturb the public tranquility, [or]
(c) organizes any exercise, movement, drill or other similar activity intending that the participants in such activity shall use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence, or participates in such activity intending to use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence, against any religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community and such activity for any reason whatsoever causes or is likely to cause fear or alarm or a feeling of insecurity amongst members of such religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community,] shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
Offence committed in place of worship, etc.-(2) Whoever commits an offence specified in sub-section (1) in any place of worship or in any assembly engaged in the performance of religious worship or religious ceremonies, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine.

Description : IPC - SECTION 153A - Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion. race, place of birth, residence, language, etc and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony. Offence committed in place of worship, etc.


This section was first added in the Code by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1898 with a view to deal with certain other matters relating to breach pf public tranquillity which were not covered in the original Code. In the year 1969 sections 153-A and 505 were extensively amended, on the recommendations of the National Integration Council, by Act XXV of 1969 to widen the scope of the two sections to deal with cases of communal and class tensions more effectively. Clause (1) (c) was added to this section in the year 1972 by the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972 to extend the operation of this law to more areas.



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