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Indian Contract Act, 1872

Indian Contract Act, 1872, prescribes the laws relating to the formulation of contracts in India. This act consists of 238 sections. Get the detailed description of all the sections of the Indian contract Act 1872 only at easyadvocacy.



Section Title
Section- 1 Section - 1. Short title Chapter 1
Section- 2 Section -2. Interpretation-clause Chapter 1
Section- 3 Section - 3. Communication, acceptance and revocation of proposals Chapter 1
Section- 4 Section - 4. Communication when complete Chapter 1
Section- 5 Section - 5. Revocation of proposals and acceptances. Chapter 1
Section- 6 Section -6. Revocation how made Chapter 1
Section- 7 Section - 7. Acceptance must be absolute. Chapter 1
Section- 8 Section - 8. Acceptance by performing conditions, or receiving consideration Chapter 1
Section- 9 Section -9. Promises, express and implied Chapter 1
Section- 10 Section -10. What agreements are contracts Chapter 1
Section- 11 Section - 11. Who are competent to contract. Chapter 1
Section- 12 Section - 12. What is a sound mind for the purposes of contracting Chapter 1
Section- 13 Section - 13. "Consent" defined Chapter 1
Section- 14 Section - 14. "Free consent" defined Chapter 1
Section- 15 Section - 15. "Coercion" defined Chapter 1
Section- 16 Section - 16. "Undue influence" defined Chapter 1
Section- 17 Section - 17. "Fraud" defined Chapter 1
Section- 18 Section - 18. "Misrepresentation" defined. Chapter 1
Section- 19 Section - 19. Voidability of agreements without free consent Chapter 1
Section- 19 A Section - 19 A. Power to set aside contract induced by undue influence Chapter 1
Section- 20 Section - 20. Agreement void where both parties are under mistake as to matter of fact Chapter 1
Section- 21 Section -21. Effect of mistakes as to law. Chapter 1
Section- 22 Section - 22. Contract caused by mistake of one party as to matter of fact Chapter 1
Section- 23 Section -23. What considerations and objects are lawful, and what not Chapter 1
Section- 24 Section - 24. Agreement void, if considerations and objects unlawful in part Chapter 1
Section- 25 Section - 25. Agreement without consideration, void, unless it is in writing and registered or is a promise to compensate for something done or is a promise to pay a debt barred by limitation law Chapter 1
Section- 26 Section - 26. Agreement in restraint of marriage, void Chapter 1
Section- 27 Section - 27. Agreement in restraint of trade, void. Chapter 1
Section- 28 Section - 28. Agreements in restraint of legal proceedings, void Chapter 1
Section- 29 Section - 29. Agreements void for uncertainty Chapter 1
Section- 30 Section - 30. Agreements by way of wager void Chapter 1
Section- 31 Section - 31. "Contingent contract" defined Chapter 1
Section- 32 Section - 32. Enforcement of contracts contingent on an event happening. Chapter 1
Section- 33 Section - 33. Enforcement of contracts contingent on an event not happening Chapter 1
Section- 33 Section - 33. When event on which contract is contingent to be deemed impossible, if it is the future conduct of a living person Chapter 1
Section- 34 Section - 34. When event on which contract is contingent to be deemed impossible, if it is the future conduct of a living person Chapter 1
Section- 35 Section - 35. When contracts become void which are contingent on happening of specified event within fixed time Chapter 1
Section- 36 Section - 36. Agreement contingent on impossible events void Chapter 1
Section- 37 Section - 37. Obligation of parties to contracts. Chapter 1
Section- 38 Section - 38. Effect of refusal to accept offer of performance Chapter 1
Section- 39 Section - 39. Effect of refusal of party to perform promise wholly Chapter 1
Section- 40 Section - 40. Person by whom promise is to be performed Chapter 1
Section- 41 Section - 41. Effect of accepting performance from third person. Chapter 1
Section- 42 Section - 42. Devolution of joint liabilities Chapter 1
Section- 43 Section - 43. Any one of joint promisors may be compelled to perform. Chapter 1
Section- 44 Section - 44. Effect of release of one joint promisor Chapter 1
Section- 45 Section - 45. Devolution of joint rights Chapter 1
Section- 46 Section - 46. Time for performance of promise, when no application is to be made and no time is specified Chapter 1
Section- 47 Section - 47. Time and place for performance of promise, where time is specified and no application to be made. Chapter 1
Section- 48 Section - 48. Application for performance on certain day to be at proper time and place Chapter 1
Section- 49 Section - 49. Place for performance of promise, where no application to be made and no place fixed for performance Chapter 1
Section- 50 Section - 50. Performance in manner or at time prescribed or sanctioned by promisee Chapter 1
Section- 51 Section - 51. Promisor not bound to perform, unless reciprocal promisee ready and willing to perform Chapter 1
Section- 52 Section - 52. Order of performance of reciprocal promises Chapter 1
Section- 53 Section - 53. Liability of party preventing event on which the contract is to take effect Chapter 1
Section- 54 Section - 54. Effect of default as to that promise which should be first performed, in contract consisting of reciprocal promises Chapter 1
Section- 55 Section - 55. Effect of failure to perform at fixed time, in contract in which time is essential Chapter 1
Section- 56 Section - 56. Agreement to do impossible act. Chapter 1
Section- 57 Section - 57. Reciprocal promise to do things legal, and also other things illegal Chapter 1
Section- 58 Section - 58 . Alternative promise, one branch being illegal Chapter 1
Section- 59 Section - 59. Application of payment where debt to be discharged is indicated Chapter 1
Section- 60 Section - 60. Where a debtor, owing several distinct debts to one person, makes a payment to him, either with express intimation, or under circumstances implying, that the payment is to be applied to the discharge of some particular debt, the payment, Chapter 1
Section- 61 Section - 61. Application of payment where neither party appropriates Chapter 1
Section- 62 Section - 62. Effect of novation, rescission, and alteration of contract Chapter 1
Section- 63 Section - 63. Promise may dispense with or remit performance of promisee Chapter 1
Section- 64 Section - 64. Consequences of rescission of voidable contract Chapter 1
Section- 65 Section - 65. Obligation of person who has received advantage under void agreement, or contract that becomes void Chapter 1
Section- 66 Section - 66. Mode of communicating or revoking rescission of voidable contract Chapter 1
Section- 67 Section - 67. Effect of neglect of promisee to afford promisor reasonable facilities for performance Chapter 1
Section- 68 Section - 68. Claim for necessaries supplied to person incapable of contracting, or on his account Chapter 1
Section- 69 Section - 69. Reimbursement of person paying money due by another, in payment of which he is interested Chapter 1
Section- 70 Section - 70. Obligation of person enjoying benefit of non-gratuitous act Chapter 1
Section- 71 Section - 71. Responsibility of finder of goods Chapter 1
Section- 72 Section - 72. Liability of person to whom money is paid, or thing delivered, by mistake or under coercion Chapter 1
Section- 73 Section - 73. Compensation for loss or damage caused by breach of contract Chapter 1
Section- 74 Section - 74. Compensation for breach of contract where penalty stipulated for Chapter 1
Section- 75 Section - 75. Party rightfully rescinding contract, entitled to compensation Chapter 1
Section- 76 - 123 Sections 76-123. [Sale of Goods:] Rep. by the Indian Sale of Goods Act, 1930 (3 of 1930) s. 65. Chapter 1
Section- 124 Section - 124. "Contract of indemnity" defined Chapter 1
Section- 125 Section - 125. Rights of indemnity-holder when sued Chapter 1
Section- 126 Section - 126. "Contract of guarantee", "surety", "principal debtor" and "creditor" Chapter 1
Section- 127 Section - 127. Consideration for guarantee Chapter 1
Section- 128 Section - 128. Surety's liability Chapter 1
Section- 129 Section - 129. "Continuing guarantee" Chapter 1
Section- 130 Section - 130. Revocation of continuing guarantee Chapter 1
Section- 131 Section - 131. Revocation of continuing guarantee by surety's death Chapter 1
Section- 132 Section - 132. Liability of two persons, primarily liable, not affected by arrangement between them that one shall be surety on other's default Chapter 1
Section- 133 Section - 133. Discharge of surety by variance in terms of contract. Chapter 1
Section- 134 Section - 134. Discharge of surety by release or discharge of principal debtor Chapter 1
Section- 135 Section - 135. Discharge of surety when creditor compounds with, gives time to, or agrees not to sue, principal debtor Chapter 1
Section- 136 Section - 136. Surety not discharged when agreement made with third person to give time to principal debtor Chapter 1
Section- 137 Section - 137. Creditor's forbearance to sue does not discharge surety Chapter 1
Section- 138 Section - 138. Release of one co-surety does not discharge others Chapter 1
Section- 139 Section - 139. Discharge of surety by creditor's act or omission impairing surety's eventual remedy Chapter 1
Section- 140 Section - 140. Rights of surety on payment or performance Chapter 1
Section- 141 Section - 141. Surety's right to benefit of creditor's securities Chapter 1
Section- 142 Section - 142. Guarantee obtained by misrepresentation invalid. Chapter 1
Section- 143 Section - 143. Guarantee obtained by concealment invalid Chapter 1
Section- 144 Section - 144. Guarantee on contract that creditor shall not act on it until co-surety joins Chapter 1
Section- 145 Section - 145. Implied promise to indemnify surety Chapter 1
Section- 146 Section - 146. Co-sureties liable to contribute equally Chapter 1
Section- 147 Section - 147. Liability of co-sureties bound in different sums Chapter 1
Section- 148 Section - 148. "Bailment" "bailor" and "bailee" defined Chapter 1
Section- 149 Section - 149. Delivery to bailee how made Chapter 1
Section- 150 Section - 150. Bailor's duty to disclose faults in goods bailed Chapter 1
Section- 151 Section - 51. Care to be taken by bailee Chapter 1
Section- 152 Section - 152. Bailee when not liable for loss, etc., of thing bailed Chapter 1
Section- 153 Section - 153. Termination of bailment by bailee's act inconsistent with conditions Chapter 1
Section- 154 Section - 154. Liability of bailee making unauthorized use of goods bailed Chapter 1
Section- 155 Section - 155. Effect of mixture, with bailor's consent, of his goods with bailee's Chapter 1
Section- 156 Section - 156. Effect of mixture, without bailor's consent, when the goods can be separated Chapter 1
Section- 157 Section - 157. Effect of mixture, without bailor's consent, when the goods cannot be separated Chapter 1
Section- 158 Section - 158. Repayment, by bailor, of necessary expenses Chapter 1
Section- 159 Section - 159. Restoration of goods lent gratuitously Chapter 1
Section- 160 Section - 160. Return of goods bailed, on expiration of time or accomplishment of purpose Chapter 1
Section- 161 Section - 61. Bailee's responsibility when goods are not duly returned Chapter 1
Section- 162 Section - 162. Termination of gratuitous bailment by death Chapter 1
Section- 163 Section - 163. Bailor entitled to increase or profit from goods bailed Chapter 1
Section- 164 Section - 164. Bailor's responsibility to bailee Chapter 1
Section- 165 Section - 165. Bailment by several joint owners Chapter 1
Section- 166 Section - 166. Bailee not responsible on re-delivery to bailor without title Chapter 1
Section- 167 Section - 167. Right of third person claiming goods bailed Chapter 1
Section- 168 Section - 168. Right of finder of goods, may sue for specific reward offered Chapter 1
Section- 169 Section - 169. When finder of thing commonly on sale may sell it Chapter 1
Section- 170 Section - 170. Bailee's particular lien Chapter 1
Section- 171 Section - 171. General lien of bankers, factors, wharfingers, attorneys and policy-brokers Chapter 1
Section- 172 Section - 172. "Pledge" "pawnor", and "pawnee" defined Chapter 1
Section- 173 Section - 173. Pawnee's right of retainer Chapter 1
Section- 174 Section - 174. Pawnee not to retain for debt or promise other than that for which goods pledged. Presumption in case of subsequent advances Chapter 1
Section- 175 Section - 175. Pawnee's right as to extraordinary expenses incurred Chapter 1
Section- 176 Section - 176. Pawnee's right where pawnor makes default Chapter 1
Section- 177 Section - 177. Defaulting pawner's right to redeem Chapter 1
Section- 178 Section - 178. Pledge by mercantile agent Chapter 1
Section- 178 A Section - 178 A. Pledge by person in possession under voidable contract Chapter 1
Section- 179 Section - 179. Pledge where pawnor has only a limited interest Chapter 1
Section- 180 Section - 180. Suit by bailor or bailee against wrong-doer Chapter 1
Section- 181 Section - 181. Apportionment of relief or compensation obtained by such suits Chapter 1
Section- 182 Section - 182. "Agent" and "principal" defined Chapter 1
Section- 183 Section - 183. Who may employ agent Chapter 1
Section- 184 Section - 184. Who may be an agent Chapter 1
Section- 185 Section - 185. Consideration not necessary Chapter 1
Section- 186 Section - 186. Agent's authority may be expressed or implied Chapter 1
Section- 187 Section - 187. Definitions of express and implied authority Chapter 1
Section- 188 Section - 188. Extent of agent's authority Chapter 1
Section- 189 Section - 189. Agent's authority in an emergency Chapter 1
Section- 190 Section - 190. When agent cannot delegate Chapter 1
Section- 191 Section - 191. "Sub-agent" defined. Chapter 1
Section- 192 Section - 192. Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed Chapter 1
Section- 193 Section - 193. Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority Chapter 1
Section- 194 Section - 194. Relation between principal and person duly appointed by agent to act in business of agency Chapter 1
Section- 195 Section - 195. Agent's duty in naming such person Chapter 1
Section- 196 Section - 196. Right of person as to acts done for him without his authority. Effect of ratification Chapter 1
Section- 197 Section - 197. Ratification may be expressed or implied Chapter 1
Section- 198 Section - 198. Knowledge requisite for valid ratification Chapter 1
Section- 199 Section - 199. Effect of ratifying unauthorized act forming part of a transaction Chapter 1
Section- 200 Section - 200. Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person Chapter 1
Section- 201 Section - 21. Termination of agency Chapter 1
Section- 202 Section - 202. Termination of agency where agent has an interest in subject-matter Chapter 1
Section- 203 Section - 203. . When principal may revoke agent's authority Chapter 1
Section- 204 Section - 204. Revocation where authority has been partly exercised Chapter 1
Section- 205 Section - 205. . Compensation for revocation by principal, or renunciation by agent Chapter 1
Section- 206 Section - 206. Notice of revocation or renunciation Chapter 1
Section- 207 Section - 207. Revocation and renunciation may be expressed or implied Chapter 1
Section- 208 Section - 208. When termination of agent's authority takes effect as to agent, and as to third persons Chapter 1
Section- 209 Section - 209. Agent's duty on termination of agency by principal's death or insanity Chapter 1
Section- 210 Section - 210. Termination of sub-agent's authority Chapter 1
Section- 211 Section - 211. Agent's duty in conducting principal's business Chapter 1
Section- 212 Section - 212. Skill and diligence required from agent Chapter 1
Section- 213 Section - 213. Agent's accounts Chapter 1
Section- 214 Section - 214. Agent's duty to communicate with principal Chapter 1
Section- 215 Section - 215. Right of principal when agent deals, on his own account, in business of agency without principal's consent Chapter 1
Section- 216 Section - 216. Principal's right to benefit gained by agent dealing on his own account in business of agency Chapter 1
Section- 217 Section - 217. Agent's right of retainer out of sums received on principal's account Chapter 1
Section- 218 Section - 218. Agent's duty to pay sums received for principal Chapter 1
Section- 219 Section - 219. When agent's remuneration becomes due Chapter 1
Section- 220 Section - 220. Agent not entitled to remuneration for business misconducted Chapter 1
Section- 221 Section - 221. Agent's lien on principal's property Chapter 1
Section- 222 Section - 222. Agent to be indemnified against consequences of lawful acts. Chapter 1
Section- 223 Section - 223. Agent to be indemnified against consequences of acts done in good faith Chapter 1
Section- 224 Section - 224. Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act Chapter 1
Section- 225 Section - 225. Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's neglect Chapter 1
Section- 226 Section - 226. Enforcement and consequences of agent's contracts Chapter 1
Section- 227 Section - 227. Principal how far bound, when agent exceeds authority Chapter 1
Section- 228 Section - 228. Principal not bound when excess of agent's authority is not separable Chapter 1
Section- 229 Section - 229. Consequences of notice given to agent Chapter 1
Section- 230 Section - 230. Agent cannot personally enforce, nor be bound by, contracts on behalf of principal Chapter 1
Section- 231 Section - 231. Rights of parties to a contract made by agent not disclosed Chapter 1
Section- 232 Section - 232. Performance of contract with agent supposed to be principal Chapter 1
Section- 233 Section - 233. Right of person dealing with agent personally liable Chapter 1
Section- 234 Section - 234. Consequence of inducing agent or principal to act on belief that principal or agent will be held exclusively liable Chapter 1
Section- 235 Section - 235. Liability of pretended agent Chapter 1
Section- 236 Section - 236. Person falsely contracting as agent not entitled to performance Chapter 1
Section- 237 Section - 237. Liability of principal inducing belief that agent's unauthorized acts were authorized Chapter 1
Section- 238 Section - 238. Effect, on agreement, of misrepresentation of fraud, by agent Chapter 1
Section- Schedule: Enactments [Repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1914 (10 of 1914)] Chapter 1
Section- Foot Notes Chapter 1

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