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Factories Act, 1948

[Act No. 63 of Year 1948 dated 23rd. September, 1948] An Act to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories. WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories; It is hereby enacted as follows:



Section Title
Section- 1 Section-1 Short title, extent and commencement Chapter 1
Section- 2 Section-2 Interpretation Chapter 1
Section- 3 Section-3 References to time of day Chapter 1
Section- 4 Section-4 Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to be a single factory Chapter 1
Section- 5 Section-5 Power to exempt during public emergency Chapter 1
Section- 6 Section-6 Approval, licensing and registration of factories Chapter 1
Section- 7 Section-7 Notice by occupier Chapter 1
Section- 7A Section-7A General duties of the occupier Chapter 1
Section- 7B Section-7B General duties of manufacturers, etc., as regards articles and substances for use in factories Chapter 1
Section- 8 Section-8 Inspectors Chapter 1
Section- 9 Section-9 Powers of Inspectors Chapter 1
Section- 10 Section-10 Certifying surgeons Chapter 1
Section- 11 Section-11 Cleanliness Chapter 1
Section- 12 Section-12 Disposal of wastes and effluents Chapter 1
Section- 13 Section-13 Ventilation and temperature Chapter 1
Section- 14 Section-14 Dust and fume Chapter 1
Section- 14 Section-14 Dust and fume Chapter 1
Section- 15 Section-15 Artificial humidification Chapter 1
Section- 16 Section-16 Overcrowding Chapter 1
Section- 17 Section-17 Lighting Chapter 1
Section- 18 Section-18 Drinking water Chapter 1
Section- 19 Section-19 Latrines and urinals Chapter 1
Section- 20 Section-20 Spittoons Chapter 1
Section- 21 Section-21 Fencing of machinery Chapter 1
Section- 22 Section-22 Work on or near machinery in motion Chapter 1
Section- 23 Section-23 Employment of young persons on dangerous machines Chapter 1
Section- 24 Section-24 Striking gear and devices for cutting off power Chapter 1
Section- 25 Section-25 Self-acting machines Chapter 1
Section- 26 Section-26 Casing of new machinery Chapter 1
Section- 27 Section-27 Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers Chapter 1
Section- 28 Section-28 Hoists and lifts Chapter 1
Section- 29 Section-29 Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles Chapter 1
Section- 30 Section-30 Revolving machinery Chapter 1
Section- 31 Section-31 Pressure plant Chapter 1
Section- 32 Section-32 Floors, stairs and means of access Chapter 1
Section- 33 Section-33 Pits, sumps, opening in floors, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 34 Section-34 Excessive weights Chapter 1
Section- 35 Section-35 Protection of eyes Chapter 1
Section- 36 Section-36 Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 36A Section-36A Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light Chapter 1
Section- 37 Section-37 Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 38 Section-38 Precautions in case of fire Chapter 1
Section- 39 Section-39 Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability Chapter 1
Section- 40 Section-40 Safety of building and machinery Chapter 1
Section- 40A Section-40A Maintenance of buildings Chapter 1
Section- 40B Section-40B Safety officers Chapter 1
Section- 41 Section-41 Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter Chapter 1
Section- 41A Section-41A Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees Chapter 1
Section- 41B Section-41B Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier Chapter 1
Section- 41C Section-41C Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous processes Chapter 1
Section- 41D Section-41D Power of Central Government to appoint Inquiry Committee Chapter 1
Section- 41E Section-41E Emergency standards Chapter 1
Section- 41F Section-41F Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances Chapter 1
Section- 41G Section-41G Workers participation in safety management Chapter 1
Section- 41H Section-41H Right of workers to warn about imminent danger Chapter 1
Section- 42 Section-42 Washing facilities Chapter 1
Section- 43 Section-43 Facilities for storing and drying clothing Chapter 1
Section- 44 Section-44 Facilities for sitting Chapter 1
Section- 45 Section-45 First-aid appliances Chapter 1
Section- 46 Section-46 Canteens Chapter 1
Section- 47 Section-47 Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms Chapter 1
Section- 48 Section-48 Creches Chapter 1
Section- 49 Section-49 Welfare officers Chapter 1
Section- 50 Section-50 Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter Chapter 1
Section- 51 Section-51 Weekly hours Chapter 1
Section- 52 Section-52 Weekly holidays Chapter 1
Section- 53 Section-53 Compensatory holidays Chapter 1
Section- 54 Section-54 Daily hours Chapter 1
Section- 55 Section-55 Intervals for rest Chapter 1
Section- 56 Section-56 Spreadover Chapter 1
Section- 57 Section-57 Night shifts Chapter 1
Section- 58 Section-58 Prohibition of overlapping shifts Chapter 1
Section- 59 Section-59 Extra wages for overtime Chapter 1
Section- 60 Section-60 Restriction on double employment Chapter 1
Section- 61 Section-61 Notice of periods of work for adults Chapter 1
Section- 62 Section-62 Register of adult workers Chapter 1
Section- 63 Section-63 Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 61 and register under section 62 Chapter 1
Section- 64 Section-64 Power to make exempting rules Chapter 1
Section- 65 Section-65 Power to make exempting orders Chapter 1
Section- 66 Section-66 Further restrictions on employment of women Chapter 1
Section- 67 Section-67 Prohibition of employment of young children Chapter 1
Section- 68 Section-68 Non-adult workers to carry tokens Chapter 1
Section- 69 Section-69 Certificates of fitness Chapter 1
Section- 70 Section-70 Effect of certificate of fitness granted to adolescent Chapter 1
Section- 71 Section-71 Working hours for children Chapter 1
Section- 72 Section-72 Notice of period of work for children Chapter 1
Section- 73 Section-73 Register of child workers Chapter 1
Section- 74 Section-74 Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 72 and register under section 73 Chapter 1
Section- 75 Section-75 Power to require medical examination Chapter 1
Section- 76 Section-76 Power to make rules Chapter 1
Section- 77 Section-77 Certain other provisions of law not barred Chapter 1
Section- 78 Section-78 Application of Chapter Chapter 1
Section- 79 Section-79 Annual leave with wages Chapter 1
Section- 80 Section-80 Wages during leave period Chapter 1
Section- 81 Section-81 Payment in advance in certain cases Chapter 1
Section- 82 Section-82 Mode of recovery of unpaid wages Chapter 1
Section- 83 Section-83 Power to make rules Chapter 1
Section- 84 Section-84 Power to exempt factories Chapter 1
Section- 85 Section-85 Power to apply the Act to certain premises Chapter 1
Section- 86 Section-86 Power to exempt public institutions Chapter 1
Section- 87 Section-87 Dangerous operations Chapter 1
Section- 87A Section-87A Power to prohibit employment on account of serious hazard Chapter 1
Section- 88 Section-88 Notice of certain accidents Chapter 1
Section- 88A Section-88A Notice of certain dangerous occurrences Chapter 1
Section- 89 Section-89 Notice of certain diseases Chapter 1
Section- 90 Section-90 Power to direct enquiry into cases of accident or disease Chapter 1
Section- 91 Section-91 Power to take samples Chapter 1
Section- 91A Section-91A Safety and occupational health surveys Chapter 1
Section- 92 Section-92 General penalty for offences Chapter 1
Section- 93 Section-93 Liability of owner of premises in certain circumstances Chapter 1
Section- 94 Section-94 Enhanced penalty after previous conviction Chapter 1
Section- 95 Section-95 Penalty for obstructing Inspector Chapter 1
Section- 96 Section-96 Penalty for wrongfully disclosing results of analysis under section 91 Chapter 1
Section- 96A Section-96A Penalty for contravention of the provisions of sections 41B, 41C and 41H Chapter 1
Section- 97 Section-97 Offences by workers Chapter 1
Section- 98 Section-98 Penalty for using false certificate of fitness Chapter 1
Section- 99 Section-99 Penalty for permitting double employment of child Chapter 1
Section- 101 Section-101 Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases Chapter 1
Section- 102 Section-102 Power of Court to make orders Chapter 1
Section- 103 Section-103 Presumption as to employment Chapter 1
Section- 104 Section-104 Onus as to age Chapter 1
Section- 104A Section-104A Onus of providing limits of what is practicable, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 105 Section-105 Cognizance of offences Chapter 1
Section- 106 Section-106 Limitation of prosecutions Chapter 1
Section- 106A Section-106A Jurisdiction of a court for entertaining proceedings, etc., for offence Chapter 1
Section- 107 Section-107 Appeals Chapter 1
Section- 108 Section-108 Display of notices Chapter 1
Section- 109 Section-109 Service of notice Chapter 1
Section- 110 Section-110 Returns Chapter 1
Section- 111 Section-111 Obligations of workers Chapter 1
Section- 111A Section-111A Right of workers, etc. Chapter 1
Section- 112 Section-112 General power to make rules Chapter 1
Section- 113 Section-113 Powers of Centre to give direction Chapter 1
Section- 114 Section-114 No charge for facilities and conveniences Chapter 1
Section- 115 Section-115 Publication of rules Chapter 1
Section- 116 Section-116 Application of Act to government factories Chapter 1
Section- 117 Section-117 Protection to persons acting under this Act Chapter 1
Section- 118 Section-118 Restriction on disclosure of information Chapter 1
Section- 118A Section-118A Restriction on disclosure of information Chapter 1
Section- 119 Section-119 Act to have effect notwithstanding anything contained in Act 37 of 1970 Chapter 1
Section- 120 Section-120 Repeal and saving Chapter 1
Section- Schedule I : List of Industries Involving Hazardous Processes Chapter 1
Section- Schedule II : Permissible Levels of Certain Chemical Substances in Work Environment Chapter 1
Section- Schedule III Chapter 1

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