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IPC - SECTION 198 - Using as true a certificate known to be false


Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use any such certificate as a true certificate, knowing the same to be false in any material point, shall be punished in the same manner as if he gave false evidence.

1.If an offence is cognizable, police has the authority to arrest the accused without a warrant and to start an investigation with or without the permission of a court. Otherwise police does not have the authority to arrest the accused without a warrant and an investigation cannot be initiated without a court order.

2.If an offience is bailable, police has the authority to release the accused on bail on getting the defined surety amount along with a duly filled bail bond at the concerned police station. Otherwise arrested person has to apply for bail before a magistrate or court

3. If an offence is compoundable, a compromise can be done between the accused and the victim, and a trial can be avoided. Otherwise, No compromise is allowed between the accused and the victim except under certain situations, where the High Court or the Supreme Court have the authority for quashing a matter.

Description : IPC - SECTION 198 - Using as true a certificate known to be false


While section 197 punishes issuing or signing of a false certificate, this section prescribes penalty for using a certificate known to be false as true. The offence under this section is non-cognizable, bailable and non-compoundable, and is triable by Court of Session, Metropolitan Magistrate or Magistrate of the First Class.



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